Research

Welcome to Mentor Canada's Resource Library pertaining to our State of Mentoring Research.

Browse our collection of research summaries, articles, webinars, and much more.

Interactive Dashboard

 

 

research

state of mentoring

findings

Data Dashboard: Access to Mentors

The State of Mentoring Interactive Data Dashboard allows you to explore detailed data pertaining to:

  1. Who has access to mentors?
  2. Who has access to formal mentors?
  3. Who reports unmet need with regards to access to mentors?

You can refine your exploration of the data by looking at 3 demographic characteristics: location, gender, and age.

Find here: Access to Mentors Data Dashboard

Data Dashboard: Adults who Mentor

This dashboard allows you to explore detailed data pertaining to:

  1. What proportion of adults are currently mentoring a young person?
  2. What proportion of adults are not currently mentoring a young person but have done so in the past?
  3. What proportion of adults who are not currently mentoring would be likely to do so in the next 5 years?

You can refine your exploration of the data by looking at 3 demographic characteristics: location, gender, and age.

Find here: Adults who Mentor Data Dashboard

Data Dashboard: Barriers to Accessing Mentors

This dashboard allows you to explore detailed data pertaining to:

  1. What proportion of young adults faced barriers accessing mentors during their adolescence?
  2. What were the most common barriers adolescents faced accessing mentors?

You can refine your exploration of the data by looking at location.

Find here: Barriers to Accessing Mentors Data Dashboard

Reports

 

 

report

Mapping the Mentoring Gap

This study seeks to understand young adults’ access to and experiences of mentoring during their childhood and adolescence (up to 18 years of age). Between January and March 2020, 2,838 young adults aged 18 to 30 participated in the National Youth Mentoring Survey.

Read: Mapping the Mentoring Gap

 

report

Capturing the Mentoring Landscape

This study seeks to increase our understanding of the prevalence, scope, structure, strengths and challenges of youth mentoring programs and services across Canada.

Read: Capturing the Mentoring Landscape

report

Raising the Mentoring Profile

This study explores adults’ views about youth mentoring as well as their interest and capacity to become mentors to young people outside of their immediate family. The goal is to better understand the barriers and facilitators to mentoring and ultimately increase the number of adults who mentor.

Read: Raising the Mentoring Profile

report

labour market

youth workforce development

Youth Labour Shortages in Canada

In partnership with the Canadian Council for Youth Prosperity (CCYP), NPower and Ontario Tourism Education Corporation, we are pleased to introduce a compilation of essays on lessons learned about youth labour market disengagement.

Read: Youth Labour Shortages in Canada

Recommendations

 

 

research

state of mentoring

recommendations

findings

The State of Mentoring in Canada: Areas for Action

Based on the findings of the State of Mentoring Research and the suggestions provided by sector stakeholders at the State of Mentoring Forum, Mentor Canada articulated 4 interconnected action areas and associated recommended actions to support the increased reach and improvement of the youth mentoring field

Read: The State of Mentoring in Canada: Areas for Action

Infographic

 

 

research

state of mentoring

findings

Canadians Support Investment in Youth Mentoring

Infographic summary of the Raising the Profile of Mentoring study's key findings about adults' experiences as mentors.

View: Canadians Support Investment in Youth Mentoring

research

state of mentoring

findings

Children & Youth who were Mentored Report Better Outcomes 

Infographic summary of the Mapping the Mentoring Gap study's key findings about young people's experiences with mentors growing up.

View: Children & Youth who were Mentored Report Better Outcomes

Communications

research

The Impact of COVID-19 on Youth Mentoring

Key findings from the COVID-19 Impact on Mentoring Programs survey.

View: The Impact of COVID-19 on Youth Mentoring

Mentoring & employment

career opportunities

formal mentoring

informal mentoring

natural mentors

Mentoring & Employment

Youth are struggling to connect with employment opportunities, particularly young people from equity-seeking groups. Mentorship could be the key to increase career opportunities for youth. Discover how.

View: Mentoring & Employment

mental health

youth mental illness

sense of belonging

social impact

closing the mentoring gap

future of good

Mentoring & Youth Mental Health in partnership with Future of Good

Youth mental illness is a looming crisis - and has been since long before the pandemic. Mentorship could be the key to increasing young people's sense of belonging, hope and optimism for the future, and mental well-being.

View: Mentoring & Youth Mental Health in partnership with Future of Good

Executive Summaries

 

 

research

Mapping the Mentoring Gap

This study seeks to understand young adults’ access to and experiences of mentoring during their childhood and adolescence (up to 18 years of age). Between January and March 2020, 2,838 young adults aged 18 to 30 participated in the National Youth Mentoring Survey.

Read: Mapping the Mentoring Gap

 

research

Capturing the Mentoring Landscape

This study seeks to increase our understanding of the prevalence, scope, structure, strengths and challenges of youth mentoring programs and services across Canada.

Read: Capturing the Mentoring Landscape

Research

Raising the Mentoring Profile

This study explores adults’ views about youth mentoring as well as their interest and capacity to become mentors to young people outside of their immediate family. The goal is to better understand the barriers and facilitators to mentoring and ultimately increase the number of adults who mentor.

Read: Raising the Mentoring Profile

Research Summaries

 

 

PROGRAM PRACTICES

MONITORING & sUPPORT

It Takes a Village to Break Up a Match

Summary of study that looked at the influence that relationships between mentors, caregivers, and program staff have on the success or failure of mentoring relationships.

Read: It Takes a Village to Break Up a Match

RELATIONSHIP QUALITY

RESEARCH

Predictors of Mentoring Relationship Quality

Summary of a study that looked at the ingredients of high-quality relationships from the perspectives of youth and parents participating in a Big Brothers Big Sisters 1-to-1 program.

Read: Predictors of Mentoring Relationship Quality

PROGRAM PRACTICES

RESEaRCH

BIPOC

Examining the Potential Risk of the Dominant Culture Mentoring Marginalized Youth

Summary of a study that critically explored the issue of matching mentors and mentees across cultural, racial, or socioeconomic lines, the risks it entails and the steps programs can take to alleviate the risks.

Read: Examining the Potential Risk of the Dominant Culture Mentoring Marginalized Youth

PROGRAM PRACTICES

RESEARCH

RELATIONSHIP QUALITY

A Conceptual Model of Attunement for Youth Development Settings

Summary of a study that explores the usefulness of a new approach to training that can help staff members and mentors work together to build stronger relationships with mentees.

Read: A Conceptual Model of Attunement for Youth Development Settings

PROGRAM PRACTICES

RESEaRCH

Staff Support Contact and Mentor Volunteer Experiences

Summary of a study that explores how program monitoring and support practices can influence mentor volunteering experiences and perceive quality of support.

Read: Staff Support Contact and Mentor Volunteer Experiences

RESEaRCH

BIPOC

Mentoring Relationships and the Mental Health of Aboriginal Youth in Canada

Summary of study that compared the experiences and outcomes of Indigenous and non-Indigenous youth participating in a Big Brothers Big Sisters program in Canada.

Read: Mentoring Relationships and the Mental Health of Aboriginal Youth in Canada

RESEARCH

YOUTH-INITIATED MENTORING

Youth-Initiated Mentoring: Meta-Analysis

Summary of a meta-analysis that explored existing research on youth-initiated mentoring and youth outcomes.

Read: Youth-Initiated Mentoring: Meta-Analysis

Literature Review

recherche

quality mentoring practices

Youth Mentoring: Research on Program Practices

To support mentoring programs’ adoption of evidence-based practices, Mentor Canada conducted a literature review of the research relevant to the six processes involved in delivering such a program: recruitment and screening mentors, training, matching mentors and mentees, monitoring and supporting matches, and closing the mentoring relationship.

Read: Youth Mentoring: Research on Program Practices

Webinars

 

 

research

Canadian Mentoring Symposium 2020

State of Mentoring Research 

Growing the Canadian evidence base for quality mentoring is front of mind for us and this third webinar from our Canadian Mentoring Symposium 2020 was on the topic of research. Mentor Canada's Director of Research, Veronique Church-Duplessis, highlighted some of our preliminary findings about young Canadians' access to mentors and experiences of mentoring. We also shared details about our ongoing research projects focused on youth, mentoring service providers, and mentors.

Watch: State of Mentoring Research 

research

State of Mentoring Preliminary Findings

Sharing Findings: Experiences & Perspectives of Mentors and Mentees in Canada

Hear from our Director of Research and SRDC as they share results from the interviews we conducted with mentors and with young people as part of research on State of Mentoring in Canada. Learn about the key themes that emerged from our qualitative research. 

Watch: Sharing Findings: Experiences & Perspectives of Mentors and Mentees in Canada

research  into Practice

Webs of support

Understanding and Leveraging Webs of Support during Youth Transitions across Educational and Career Pathways with Dr. Shannon M. Varga

This first webinar from the series Research into Practice (Fall 2020) was co-hosted by the Canadian Centre for Mentoring Research and featured Shannon M. Varga as a guest speaker. It introduced a webs of support framework for understanding the dynamic ecology of relationships in a young person’s life.

Watch: Understanding and Leveraging Webs of Support during Youth Transitions across Educational and Career Pathways with Dr. Shannon M. Varga

research into Practice

Quality mentoring relationships

informal mentoring

Everyday Mentoring with Sophia Duck

This second webinar from the series, Research into Practice (Fall 2020), was co-hosted by the Canadian Centre for Mentoring Research and featured Sophia Duck from the Mentoring Partnership of Southwestern Pennsylvania as guest speaker. The discussion focused on the importance of everyday mentoring and informal mentoring. The presentation introduced the tenets of everyday mentoring and resources to help every adult develop their skills to be a mentor. 

Watch: Everyday Mentoring with Sophia Duck

Research into Practice

Youth-Initiated Mentoring

Youth Transition

Network Engaged Mentoring

Newer Approaches to Mentoring Older Adolescents with Dr. Sarah E.O. Schwartz

This third webinar from the series, Research into Practice (Fall 2020), was co-hosted by the Canadian Centre for Mentoring Research and featured guest speakers Dr. Sarah E.O. Schwartz, Assistant Professor of Psychology at Suffolk University, as well as Ben Dantzer, a Ph.D. student at the University of British Columbia with his dissertation focusing on the benefits of youth-initiated mentoring. The discussion focused on ways in which youth-initiated mentoring relationships and networks of support foster healthy outcomes during the transition to adulthood.

Watch: Newer Approaches to Mentoring Older Adolescents with Dr. Sarah E.O. Schwartz

Research into Practice

Youth mental health

parent-mentor alliance

mental health needs

Mentoring for Youth with Mental Health Needs: Possibilities for Improving the Parent-Mentor Alliance in the Mentoring Process

Mentor Canada launched its second Research into Practice Webinar Series in Winter 2022 which showcased the latest research related to youth mentoring as well as innovative programs practices.

This first webinar of its series bridged what we have learned from the children's mental health field to the mentoring field in relation to parent involvement in services for youth with mental health challenges.

Guest speaker Martha McCormack, Ph.D. Candidate from Portland State University, joined the conversation by sharing her research agenda focused on the perceptions and experiences of parents about mentoring for youth with mental health challenges.

Watch: Mentoring for Youth with Mental Health Needs: Possibilities for Improving the Parent-Mentor Alliance in the Mentoring Process

Download: Slide deck presentation

Research into Practice

AUTONOMY

belonging

competence

high-school mentors

relationships motivation theory

self-determination theory

Co-constructing knowledge with youth: how high-school aged mentors support their mentees' autonomy, belonging, and competence

Mentor Canada launched its second Research into Practice Webinar Series (Winter 2022) which showcased the latest research related to youth mentoring as well as innovative programs practices.

This second webinar of its series explored how Relationships Motivation Theory (RMT) can be applied to a cross-age peer mentoring context. RMT, a mini-theory of Self-Determination Theory (SDT), focuses on the essential ingredients of high-quality relationships: feelings of autonomy, belonging, and competence.

Ben Dantzer, Ph.D. candidate in Human Development, Learning, and Culture (HDLC) at the University of British Columbia, joined us for this discussion.

Watch: Co-constructing knowledge with youth: how high-school aged mentors support their mentees' autonomy, belonging, and competence

Download: Slide deck presentation

Issue Briefs

 

 

Research

State of Mentoring

Youth Employment

Mentoring Helps Youth Gain Employment

Our State of Mentoring research findings demonstrated that mentors support youth's employment journeys by orienting their professional aspirations, preparing them for the job market, and helping them find employment. 

Read here: Mentoring Helps Youth Gain Employment

Research

State of Mentoring

Mental health

Mentoring Supports Youth's Mental Health and Well-Being

Our State of Mentoring research findings demonstrated that mentoring can have positive effects on youth's mental health and well-being by supporting areas such as self-esteem, self-confidence, and feelings of belonging. 

Read here: Mentoring Supports Youth's Mental Health and Well-Being

Research

state of mentoring

education

Mentoring Supports Youth's Educational Attainment

Our State of Mentoring research findings demonstrated that mentors support youth's educational achievements by providing guidance, helping build academic skills, and encouraging high school completion. 

Read here: Mentoring Supports Youth's Educational Attainment

Research

state of mentoring

connections

social isolation

Mentoring Builds Connections

Our State of Mentoring research findings demonstrate that mentoring can alleviate loneliness and social isolation by promoting connections and belonging, and by enhancing social capital. 

Read here: Mentoring Builds Connections

Black Youth

Black teens

mentoring effect

The Mentoring Effect for Black Youth

Discover what our 2020 State of Mentoring Research findings revealed on the impact of mentoring for Black Youth. Learn more on what prevents Black children and youth from accessing mentors and how we can close the mentoring gap.

Read here: The Mentoring Effect for Black Youth

2SLGBTQ YOUTH

SEXUAL MINORITY YOUTH

TRANSGENDER YOUTH

GENDER DIVERSE YOUTH

The Mentoring Effect for 2SLGBTQ Youth

Discover what our 2020 State of Mentoring Research findings revealed on the impact of mentoring for 2SLGBTQ Youth. Learn more on what prevents 2SLGBTQ youth from accessing mentors and how we can close the mentoring gap. This issue brief was done in partnership with Pride at Work Canada.

Read here: The Mentoring Effect for 2SLGBTQ Youth

Youth with disabilities

functional disability

virtual mentoring

physical condition

mental condition

health problem

diagnosed disability

The Mentoring Effect for Youth Experiencing Disabilities

Discover what our 2020 State of Mentoring Research findings revealed on the impact of mentoring for youth experiencing disabilities. Learn more on what prevents children and youth experiencing disabilities from accessing mentors nd how we can close the mentoring gap. This Issue Brief was conducted in partnership with the Canadian Association for Supported Employment (CASE) and MentorAbility Canada.

Read here: The Mentoring Effect for Youth Experiencing Disabilities